Presence and Attentiveness
- The supervisor should arrive at the playground before the students start playing and inspect the playground for obvious hazards (see Pre-Playground Use Checks).
- The supervisor should correct any conditions that are within his or her means to correct as soon as he or she finds them (e.g., untwisting the chains of the swing seats, etc.).
- The supervisor should inform the appropriate administrator or maintenance person of any hazards identified that he or she could not eliminate on the spot and take steps to remove any hazardous equipment or playground sections from use until repairs can be made. This may be accomplished by roping off the area, putting up signs, or by some other means as determined by the site administrator.
- The supervisor should not permit the use of wet, hot, or icy equipment.
- The supervisor should stay in a reasonable proximity to the areas of activity.
- The supervisor should always be able to see the activity.
- The supervisor should ensure the students are being properly supervised. Once students arrive on the playground, use the perimeter method. Circulate around your assigned area, and cast a wide eye throughout your assigned area. Be aware of the total area and the students using it. Direct eye contact with a child can help prevent inappropriate behavior.
- The supervisor should not become distracted from assigned duties. Do not become involved with small groups and do not play with the children. A child can move from a low risk activity to a high risk activity in less than one minute. Do not visit with other supervisors, teachers, or students. Never leave your area unsupervised.
- The supervisor should stay engaged when playground transitions occur (for example, when students line up to go back into classrooms).
- The supervisor must circulate throughout all areas of the playground and its perimeter.
- The supervisor must be sensitive to areas of supervision that require privacy or tact such as restrooms.
- The supervisor must be concerned for the safety and welfare of all children.
Student Behavior Monitoring and Intervention
- School rules and policies must be enforced.
- Supervisors must intervene when children behave aggressively.
- Supervisors must follow-through on reports of playground aggression and bullying.
- Supervisors must communicate and coordinate with other school staff about children’s behavior at recess.
- Post and enforce lunchroom rules.
Hazard Surveillance and Intervention
- Check the playground daily and address ground and equipment hazards.
- Look for hazards after weekends, holidays, or break periods.
- Correct a hazard if you can. Otherwise, report all hazards, no matter how small, because small hazards uncorrected can and will lead to larger hazards.
- Check equipment for broken pieces, sharp edges, worn parts, etc.
Responding Appropriately to Emergencies
- Every supervisor must follow the District’s plans and procedures for responding to emergencies and accidents.
- Be alert at all times.
- Act promptly and decisively. (cf. 0450 - Comprehensive Safety Plan), (cf. 3516 - Emergencies and Disaster Preparedness Plan)
Conduct Pre-Playground Use Checks
- Remove Foreign Matter From Play Areas: Dirt, feces, trash, water.
- Remove Foreign Objects From Play Areas: Glass, rocks, trash.
Check Equipment Safety Conditions
- Damaged / broken components.
- Missing or protruding fasteners.
- Sharp edges or points.
- Hot surfaces.
- Missing components.
- Excessive wear, rust.
- The established playground rules.
- Enforcement of the rules.
- How to positively alter a student’s behavior.
- The need for an unobstructed view of their assigned area.
- The need to avoid standing and talking with other Supervisors or adults.
- Equipment use design (e.g., which is for younger students).
- How to respond to emergencies on the playground.
- The procedures for visitors at the school and on the playground.
- The layout of the entire school grounds.
- The locations of first aid kits, telephones, fire extinguishers, and the school nurse or designated emergency aide.